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ISSN : 1225-7060(Print)
ISSN : 2288-7148(Online)
Journal of The Korean Society of Food Culture Vol.28 No.5 pp.539-546

대학생의 수면시간에 따른 식습관 및 체조성에 관한 연구

김경희1, 조희숙2*
1목포대학교 식품영양학과, 2초당대학교 조리과학부

Effect of Sleep Duration on Dietary Habits and Body Composition of University Students

HeeSook Cho2*, KyungHee Kim1
2Department of Culinary Art, Chodang University
1Department of Food Nutrition, Mokpo National University


The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sleep duration on dietary habits and body composition of universitystudents. Sleep duration has recently been added to the list of risk factors for obesity. However, studies on this topic are fairlylimited particularly in Korea. We studied the relationship between the duration of sleep and obesity principally based onbody mass index and %body fat in university students. For this purpose, a survey was conducted on a total of 312 universitystudents. The subjects enrolled for this study were divided into two groups: (1) those with sleep duration of <7 hours (148students) and (2) those with sleep duration of >7 hours (164 students). Based on a self-reporting method, the participantsfilled up the questionnaires for more than 20 minutes. Based on the overall data obtained, we observed that most students(52.88%) skipped breakfast. This was mainly due to shortage of time (60.58%). We also observed that self-reporting dietarypreferences included eating irregular meals (49.04%), overeating (19.55%), imbalanced diet (16.35%), and skipping meals(9.94%). It was found that cookies were the favorite snacks in the majority of the participants (50%). Our data reveal thatthe body mass index, fat mass, visceral fat, and subcutaneous fat, respectively of the shorter sleep duration group (<7 h/day) were 23.78 kg/m², 19.13 kg, 2.23 kg, and 11.15 kg. In contrast, in those of the control group (7 h/day), these valueswere found to be 21.84 kg/m², 13.88 kg, 1.56 kg, and 12.11 kg. We also observed that there were significant correlationsof sleep duration with body mass index (p<0.05), fat mass (p<0.01), visceral fat (p<0.01), and beck depression score(p<0.01). Our data suggest that the body mass index in the shorter sleep duration group was higher than that of the controlgroup; however, %fat, visceral fat, and subcutaneous fat in the shorter sleep duration group were found to be higher thanthose of the control group. The data obtained through our study suggest that short sleep duration is clearly associated witha modest increase in general and abdominal obesity particularly in university students.